Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. People live near the banks of the Nile River.The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. Monuments in Egypt such as the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx were constructed by its ancient civilization. Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings outside Luxor, are a significant focus of archaeological study. The tourism industry and the Red Sea Riviera employ about 12% of Egypt's workforce.
Hurghada has a subtropical-desert climate, with mild-warm winters and hot to very hot summers. The summer season lasts year round. Temperatures in the period December–January–February are moderately warm, while November, March and April – comfortably warm. May and October is hot and the period from June to September is very hot.
Hurghada has become an international center for aquatic sports like windsurfing, kiting, sailing, deep-sea fishing, swimming, and above all snorkeling and scuba diving. The offshore reefs are considered some of the finest in the world. The warm waters here are ideal for many varieties of fish and coral, which may also be observed from a glass bottom boat.
The city provides a gateway to diving sites throughout the Red Sea, owing to its central location. In addition, Hurghada is known for providing access to many uninhabited offshore reefs and islands.